2019/20 Taught Postgraduate Module Catalogue
LAW5942M Conflict of Laws in Business Transactions
15 creditsClass Size: 60
Taught: Semester 2 View Timetable
Year running 2019/20
This module is not approved as an Elective
ObjectivesThe module aims to:
- develop students’ understanding of conflict of laws in relation to international commercial litigation;
- provide advanced instruction in several aspects of Private International Law that are of particular relevance to the competence of courts in international commercial disputes and litigation;
- provide advanced instruction in several key aspects of choice of law that are of particular relevance to business transactions in an international context.
On completion of this module, students should be able to
- understand the nature and function of private international law in cross-border business transactions;
- understand the role, nature and implications of jurisdiction agreements in the context of (i) the Brussels I Regulation (ii) the 2005 Hague Choice of Court Agreements Convention (iii) common law in England and USA;
- develop, in the context of the Brussels I Regulation, knowledge of the grounds upon which courts will exercise jurisdiction in actions based upon contract.
- explain the approaches used to combat forum shopping and to deal with conflict of jurisdictions in cross-border commercial litigation;
- acquire knowledge of how the governing law of a contract is ascertained;
-understand the restrictions used to limit the effect of an applicable law;
- explain the specific requirements for conflict of laws in cross-border contracts with inequality bargaining power;
- understand the role played by the European Community and the Hague Conference on Private International Law in seeking to harmonize rules relating to choice of law, jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments. Appreciate policy considerations which often underpin such initiatives. Be aware of the impact this has had on commercial litigation within and outwith the European Union.
Legal research and legal writing
Conflict of laws resolves disputes containing foreign elements and decides three issues in relation to international commercial litigation, namely jurisdiction, choice of law and recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments. This module examines the application of conflict of laws in business transactions from the perspective of both theory and practice. The module focuses on the latest development in the European Union and the Hague Conference on private international law. It also considers the comparison between common law and civil law conflicts approaches and explores the possibility of future development in international judicial cooperation and harmonisation in conflicts rules. The module, in particular, investigates the grounds under which a court could assert jurisdiction in commercial contracts, the effectiveness of jurisdiction agreements, the approaches to tackle forum shopping and conflicts of jurisdiction, the determination of the applicable law in cross-border commercial contracts, the effect of party autonomy and the limitation to commercial autonomy by mandatory rules and public policy.
|Delivery type||Number||Length hours||Student hours|
|Private study hours||135.00|
|Total Contact hours||15.00|
|Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)||150.00|
Private study135 hours are allocated to private study. It is expected this will consist of preparations for seminars, reading and reflection following each teaching session and preparation for assessments.
Opportunities for Formative FeedbackBy attendance at, and participation in, seminars
Methods of assessment
|Assessment type||Notes||% of formal assessment|
|Essay||1 x 4,000 words||100.00|
|Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)||100.00|
Normally resits will be assessed by the same methodology as the first attempt, unless otherwise stated
Reading listThe reading list is available from the Library website
Last updated: 30/04/2019
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