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2019/20 Undergraduate Module Catalogue

AVIA3000 Aircraft 2

20 creditsClass Size: 70

Module manager: Professor WF Gale
Email: w.f.gale@leeds.ac.uk

Taught: Semesters 1 & 2 View Timetable

Year running 2019/20

Pre-requisites

AVIA1030Aviation Engineering Science
CAPE2000Mathematical Techniques 2

This module is not approved as a discovery module

Objectives

On completion of this module, students should be able to:
- Understand the fundamentals of engineering Analytical Fluid Dynamics (AFD) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and their application to the design of aerospace systems;
- Extend fluid mechanics concepts from unified engineering to the aerodynamic performance of wings and bodies in subsonic regimes;
- Apply the aerodynamics concepts studied to modelling flow around aircraft wings using first principle modelling and software packages.

with respect to aircraft design and construction:
- understand how design, materials and construction combine to enable the manufacturing and operation of airframes and propulsion systems;
- understand the design process and important design tools and how these impact the nature of modern civil and military aircraft;
- appreciate the importance of materials and selection in the design of civil and military aircraft and how this has influenced historical development of aircraft;
- be familiar with the principles and applications of aviation materials;
- understand major methods of aircraft construction;
- understand the interplay between economic and performance criteria in aircraft design, materials and process selection;
- appreciate the design, materials selection and manufacturing processes for major components of aircraft;
- appreciate the significance of incorrect selection of materials or process routes and how this leads to failed aircraft projects;
- apply all of the above to specific types of aircraft.

Learning outcomes
Students should:
- understand the aerodynamics of aircraft and space vehicles, lift, drag and the application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in this field;
- have an appreciation of computational algorithms in aerofoil theory to predict aerofoil performance under subsonic flight conditions;
- have a basic knowledge of compressible gas dynamics and solutions to compressible flow;
- understand the fundamentals of CFD and the use of CFD software in aviation applications;
- gain an understanding of how aircraft are designed and constructed, encompassing both aerodynamic and broader aspects;
- gain the ability to apply this aircraft design and construction knowledge to the development of requirement specifications and conceptual designs for aircraft.

Skills outcomes
The ability to combine aerodynamics (including flow modelling and basic use of CFD software), with other engineering and broader skills to understand:
- the key requirements for an aircraft design to be successful
- the aircraft design and construction process
- key aircraft design choices and their implications at a conceptual level to practice aircraft design.


Syllabus

- Similitude and dimensional analysis and their application in wind tunnel testing.
- Fundamental principles and equations of aerodynamics: basic concepts and definitions
(vorticity, circulation, stream function and velocity potential)
- 2D Inviscid, incompressible flows:
-- Elementary flows
-- Flow over a circular cylinder
-- Thin Aerofoil theory (starting vortex, vortex sheet and vortex panel methods)
- 3D Inviscid, incompressible flows over finite wings
-- Induced drag
-- Biot-Savart law
-- Lifting line theory (elliptical and general lift distributions)
- Viscous flow
-- Conservation equations (continuity, momentum and energy)
-- Laminar, transitional and turbulent flows
-- Introduction to CFD
-- Laminar and turbulent boundary layers

Aircraft design and construction:
- Survey of the evolution of aircraft, illustrating key design, materials and construction features and how aerodynamics and other aspects of aviation engineering science influence design.
- Design process; codes; safety; costs.
- Selection of materials; performance and specifications.
- Aircraft materials; manufacturing processes.
- Design of fuselage, wings, tails, landing gear.
- Advanced materials and designs.
- Case studies of aircraft successes and failures.

Teaching methods

Delivery typeNumberLength hoursStudent hours
Lecture441.0044.00
Practical13.003.00
Seminar32.006.00
Tutorial13.003.00
Tutorial111.0011.00
Private study hours133.00
Total Contact hours67.00
Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)200.00

Private study

Review of lecture notes each week
Directed reading of recommended texts and on-line resources to support lecture material
Case study assignments
Use of Excel and CFD software for aerodynamics problems
Revision for written examination

Opportunities for Formative Feedback

In class discussions, feedback on assignments, participation in tutorials.

Methods of assessment


Coursework
Assessment typeNotes% of formal assessment
ReportAerodynamics Lab Report10.00
Computer ExerciseAerodynamics10.00
AssignmentAircraft Design & Construction10.00
Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)30.00

Normally resits will be assessed by the same methodology as the first attempt, unless otherwise stated


Exams
Exam typeExam duration% of formal assessment
Standard exam (closed essays, MCQs etc)3 hr 70.00
Total percentage (Assessment Exams)70.00

Normally resits will be assessed by the same methodology as the first attempt, unless otherwise stated

Reading list

The reading list is available from the Library website

Last updated: 30/04/2019

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