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2018/19 Undergraduate Module Catalogue

ARCS1028 Musculoskeletal Anatomy and Radiographic Pattern Recognition

20 creditsClass Size: 70

Module manager: Mr Voyin Pantic

Taught: Semesters 1 & 2 (Sep to Jun) View Timetable

Year running 2018/19

Pre-requisite qualifications

Normally standard entry criteria for BSc (Hons) Diagnostic Radiography or equivalent.

Module replaces


This module is not approved as a discovery module

Module summary

The interpretation of the radiographic image and detailed anatomical knowledge forms an essential part of the radiographer’s role. This module introduces students to image interpretation through the application and understanding of musculoskeletal anatomy and the introduction of relevant pathology. This module provides the fundamental concepts on which the students will develop their skills in more complex areas throughout the programme enabling the student to develop their knowledge, understanding and analytical skills.


The aim of this module is to provide the student with information with respect to basic anatomy, osteology, arthrology, an introduction to pathology and medical image interpretation skills all of which are essential in order for the student to begin to identify, understand, analyse, evaluate and interpret radiographic appearances.

Learning outcomes
On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

1. Identify cells and tissue including basic structure and function
2. Describe the basic physiology, anatomy and biochemistry of the musculoskeletal system;
3. Identify different classifications of fractures;
4. Describe how pathology of the musculoskeletal system affects the resultant radiographic image;
5. Develop fundamental radiographic image interpretation skills;
6. Demonstrate a systematic approach to radiographic image evaluation of the adult appendicular skeleton resulting in the production of a preliminary evaluation of normal / abnormal cases.
7. Develop strategies for your own learning;
8. Develop skills in examination technique
9. Identify anatomical features of the musculoskeletal system on radiographic images
10. Describe resultant radiological changes to the musculoskeletal system due to pathology

Skills outcomes
The student undertaking this module, on satisfactory completion will be able to: describe normal bony anatomy; understand the basics of how pathology manifests itself with reference to the topics covered; demonstrate the ability to recognise anatomical features on medical images of bony anatomy; demonstrate a systematic approach to evaluating images of the bones and joints of the appendicular skeleton.


Overview of the cell
Overview of tissue
Musculoskeletal Terms and Definitions
Bone: classification of, metabolism, development, functions to include general overview, appendicular and axial skeleton (excluding skull and facial bones)
Arthrology: type of joint, basic biomechanics to include general overview, joints of the upper limb, lower limb and axial skeleton ( excluding joints of the skull)
Muscles biomechanics and movement
Fracture Classifications / Common Fracture Sites and healing of Fractures
Introduction to Pathology of the Musculoskeletal System
Perception and pattern recognition plus Theories and factors influencing pattern recognition with reference to the radiographic image
Image analysis to include: presentation of anatomical features on radiographic images, and systematic image evaluation and production of preliminary image evaluation.

Teaching methods

Delivery typeNumberLength hoursStudent hours
On-line Learning11.501.50
Class tests, exams and assessment10.500.50
Class tests, exams and assessment11.001.00
Private study hours150.00
Total Contact hours50.00
Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)200.00

Private study

The 150 hours private study that has been allocated to you for this module is to enable you to prepare and supplement your notes for this module, as well as complete the workbooks associated with this module and allow them to prepare and undertake your assessment. The breakdown of hours for the activities identified is as follows:
68 hours reading/ writing up notes
32 hours Work book completion
50 hours assessment and preparation
The time can be used wisely, whilst in the clinical department you are encouraged to use every image viewed to assess your knowledge of the anatomy being demonstrated. In this way you can identify areas they need to concentrate on and seek additional support to ensure you attain a successful outcome in the summative assessment.
The above hours are a guideline and you may require additional time for the activities

Opportunities for Formative Feedback

During the module the student may be required to undertake course work. This will help develop your learning and prepare the student for the summative assessment. This will take the form of:

Completion of workbooks:
Using labels provide to identify structures on the line drawings. The student will be able to relate these labels and line drawing appearances to the radiographic appearance found on PowerPoint presentations in the VLE. Keeping up to date with the osteology and arthrology session will aid the student with this activity.

Film viewing and commenting:
This aspect is to introduce and begin to develop the student’s ability to comment on radiographs of the
musculoskeletal anatomy.

To address problem areas and provide the student with a structured approach to aid the student’s understanding of the topics covered.

Formative assessment:
The students will be given the opportunity to undertake formative assessments in both elements of assessment. There will be a 1 hour written paper in a similar format to the 1.5 hour summative written paper. The student will also have a ½ hour OSE in a similar format to the 1 hour summative paper. To introduce you to the format of the summative assessment and assess individual learning and understanding.

Feedback on formative assessment:
To provide an indication of individual learning and understanding and identify learning needs for preparation of the summative assessment.

Methods of assessment

Exam typeExam duration% of formal assessment
Unseen exam 1 hr 30 mins60.00
Practical Exam / OSCE1 hr 00 mins40.00
Total percentage (Assessment Exams)100.00

The summative assessment consists of two components an Unseen examination and an OSE. The OSE requires the student to demonstrate the process that they have undertaken to reach the final conclusion when interpreting images, which is not expected in a clinical environment, and thus differentiates the assessment form an OSCE. The Unseen examination contributes 60% of the marks for the module and the OSE contributes the other 40%. There is compensation between the two components with an overall mark of 40 requiring to be achieved for the two. There is full compensation between the two components with an overall mark of 40 required to be achieved for the two.

Reading list

The reading list is available from the Library website

Last updated: 12/12/2018 16:33:09


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