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2020/21 Taught Postgraduate Module Catalogue

ARCS5253M Obstetric Ultrasound

30 creditsClass Size: 45

Module manager: Jane Arezina
Email: j.arezina@leeds.ac.uk

Taught: Sep to Aug View Timetable

Year running 2020/21

Pre-requisite qualifications

See programme entry criteria

Co-requisites

ARCS5256MScience and Technology of Ultrasound
ARCS5258MProfessional Issues in Diagnostic Imaging

Module replaces

Obstetric Ultrasound (HECS5253M)

This module is not approved as an Elective

Module summary

This module provides application of specific knowledge and a structure for practical skill development for the use of ultrasound in obstetric ultrasound examinations. This module allows the student to apply theoretical knowledge gained in the co-requisite modules.

Objectives

On completion of this module students will be able to demonstrate mastery in acquiring, interpreting & reporting obstetric ultrasound examinations and achieve competence to practise.

Learning outcomes
- Demonstrate an in-depth, specialist knowledge of normal and abnormal ultrasound appearances and techniques relevant to obstetric ultrasound
- Demonstrate a sophisticated understanding of concepts, information and techniques at the forefront of obstetric ultrasound practice
- Critically and creatively evaluate current issues, research and evidence based practice relating to obstetric ultrasound
- To take a proactive, self-reflective role in working and to develop professional relationships with others
- Demonstrate effective decision making skills in complex and unpredictable situationsReflect critically on practice and the role of medical ultrasound in the management of the obstetric patient and fetus.

Skills outcomes
On completion of this module students will be able to:

- Critically appraise an individual’s clinical need for obstetric ultrasound and select an appropriate technique
- Acquire, interpret and report obstetric ultrasound examinations competently
- Critically evaluate clinical and other relevant information to determine when additional examinations / procedures are required
- Critically evaluate ultrasound examinations for technical and diagnostic quality
- Assess and respond to an individual’s physical and psychological care needs during the ultrasound examination


Syllabus

Anatomy and Physiology
Embryology of the fetus
Physiology of pregnancy
The following points are common to all topics
- Evaluation of the clinical question
- Guidelines
- Ethical dilemmas
- Appropriate patient care
- Clinical history taking
- Selection and correct use of the equipment
- Health and safety
- Scanning Procedures
- Patient’s physical and psychological condition
- Emphasis of appropriate technique according to clinical presentation and ultrasound findings
- Organ position, size, echotexture and relevant measurements
- Observations and conclusion to include normal, anatomical variants and pathological ultrasound findings
- Awareness of implications of complications
- Critical evaluation of the examination
- Differential diagnoses
- Limitations
- Clear, concise communication of the findings (verbal and written report)
- Awareness of interventional procedures and patient management.
Introduction to obstetric ultrasound
Ethical dilemmas in obstetric care
Early pregnancy screening and complications
- TA and TV scanning technique
- Gestation sac evaluation
- CRL measurement and application
- Sonoembryology
- Nuchal translucency
- Ultrasound of the normal ovary
- Miscarriage and ultrasound appearances
- Hydatidiform mole, ectopic pregnancy

- Pelvic masses and associated gynaecological conditions
Clinical management of obstetric complications
- Cervical incompetence
- Diabetes, Rhesus disease, multiple pregnancies, fetal death in utero
- Alternative investigations
Second and third trimester scanning procedures
- TA and TV scanning technique
- Fetal biometry
- Placental assessment and complications
- Fetal growth/monitoring of fetal wellbeing inc. fetal/maternal blood flow
- Assessment of fetal anatomy
- Pregnancy outcomes
- Asessment of the uterus and female pelvis
- Ultrasound screening in the 2nd trimester
Clin- al management of obstetric complications
- Cervical incompetence
- PET, diabetes, Rhesus disease, multiple pregnancies, maternal renal disorders, maternal hypertension, fetal death in utero
- Alternative investigations
Invasive obstetric ultrasound procedures
- CVS, amniocentesis, shunting, cordocentesis, transfusion, fetal surgery, feticide
Postnatal ultrasound
- Complications, RPOC, maternal conditions- renal tract and reproductive tract

Teaching methods

Due to COVID-19, teaching and assessment activities are being kept under review - see module enrolment pages for information

Delivery typeNumberLength hoursStudent hours
Clinical Sessions1501.00150.00
Class tests, exams and assessment41.004.00
Lecture161.0016.00
Practical51.005.00
Seminar201.0020.00
Tutorial51.005.00
Private study hours100.00
Total Contact hours200.00
Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)300.00

Private study

Private study to include: e-learning; literature searches, seminar and assessment preparation, independent supporting investigation & critical evaluation of patient-based case report for summative assessment; maintenance of clinical learning record. Clinical simulation.
Clinical hours: 150 notional academic hours is at a ratio of 2:1, 300 real hours of supervised clinical practice are required.

Opportunities for Formative Feedback

Students and their clinical mentors are encouraged to use the formative clinical and academic assessment process regularly throughout the module to develop self-assessment skills and to generate formative feedback identifying student progress and where additional learning and skill development is required.
Peer and tutor feedback also given in case study discussions, assessment preparation seminars/quizzes. Tutor support will be given to assignment outline plans.

Methods of assessment

Due to COVID-19, teaching and assessment activities are being kept under review - see module enrolment pages for information


Coursework
Assessment typeNotes% of formal assessment
Essay2500 words50.00
Clinical ExperiencePass/Fail0.00
Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)50.00

Progress is monitored by: Students and their clinical mentors are encouraged to use the formative clinical and academic assessment process regularly throughout the module to develop self-assessment skills and to generate formative feedback identifying student progress and where additional learning and skill development is required. Peer and tutor feedback also given in case study discussions, assessment preparation seminars/quizzes. Tutor support will be given to assignment outline plans.


Exams
Exam typeExam duration% of formal assessment
Online Time-Limited assessment1 hr 15 mins50.00
Total percentage (Assessment Exams)50.00

There is no compensation.

Reading list

The reading list is available from the Library website

Last updated: 10/08/2020 16:13:40

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