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2021/22 Undergraduate Module Catalogue

ARCS2199 Principles of Non-Invasive Cardiology 1

20 creditsClass Size: 25

Module manager: Rhona Riley

Taught: Semester 1 (Sep to Jan) View Timetable

Year running 2021/22

Pre-requisite qualifications

BSc (Hons) Healthcare Science (Cardiac Physiology) programme specification for entry onto level 2 study


ARCS1106Cardiovascular Science

Module replaces


This module is not approved as a discovery module

Module summary

This module will provide students with the Non-Invasive diagnostic Cardiac physiology theory to work supervised within practice environments.


The overall aim of this module is to ensure that the student understands the breadth of the application of science within Cardiac Physiology, and building on previous learning, develops and applies knowledge and understanding in non –Invasive diagnostic Cardiac Physiology.

Learning outcomes
On completion of this module the student will have knowledge in:

1. Understand and apply the abbreviations and units used in Cardiac Physiology and demonstrate the ability to apply these to clinical situations.
2. Understand and apply the concept of “normal” and the calculation and use of normal ranges in the interpretation of cardiac investigations and demonstrate the ability to apply these to clinical situations.
3. Understand and apply the normal physiological variability in humans.
4. Understand and apply how to utilise normal ranges to define normal and abnormal test results across Electrocardiography and Ambulatory monitoring.
5. Understand and apply the need for calibration and quality assurance for all measurements undertaken in Cardiac Physiology.
6. Understand and apply the clinical framework for, and basic principles of:
Clinical Electrocardiography
The normal Electrocardiogram from birth to old age
Common arrhythmias
Interpretation of Electrocardiograms
Blood pressure measurement
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
Ambulatory electrocardiography
7. Recognise life-threatening arrhythmias.
8. Discuss and analyse procedure limitations
9. Justify the importance of effective communication skills and respect for the rights, dignity and privacy of patients with additional consideration to ethical issues, autonomy and responsibility.
10. Discuss the implications of working in multidisciplinary teams identifying the behaviours that contribute to effective team working.
11. Discuss international diversity with regards to guideline development / implementation and service delivery.
12. Discuss complex scientific information in ways that can be understood by patients and practitioners in other areas.

Skills outcomes
Within this module students will develop subject specific skills transferable into practice. Specific skills will be the interpretation, analysis and accurate measurement of ECG and BP.


In this module students will build on concepts introduced at level 1. Knowledge required for routine clinical practice will be developed: Specifically:
Clinical Electrocardiography
Characteristics of recording equipment including components, functions, settings and adjustments made based on patient category
Recommended recording and measurement technique
Develop a framework for analysis and interpretation of Electrocardiograms
The Normal Electrocardiogram from birth to old age
Cardiac Axis
Normal findings (Sinus Rhythms)
Recognition of life threatening arrhythmias
Ventricular fibrillation
Ventricular tachycardia
Recognition of common arrhythmias
Sinus arrhythmia
Sinus bradycardia
Sinus tachycardia
Atrial fibrillation
Atrial ectopics
Atrioventricular conduction blocks
Ventricular arrhythmias
The effect of myocardial infarction and ischaemia on the electrocardiogram
Routine Blood Pressure Measurement
Principles and limitations of range of recording equipment used to measure blood pressure
Analogue and digital devices
Device calibration
Selection of cuff size
Indications for blood pressure measurement
Factors affecting blood pressure including blood pressure variability and white coat hypertension
Recommended measurement technique
Common errors in blood pressure measurement
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Normal blood pressure ranges
Definition of hypertension
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
Characteristics of recording equipment
Indications and Contra-Indications
Recommended measurement technique
Normal Ranges
Common problems
Analysis, presentation and evaluation of results
Ambulatory electrocardiography
Characteristics of recording equipment
Indications and Contra-Indications
The effect of exercise on the circulatory system
Recommended measurement technique
Common problems
Analysis, presentation and evaluation of results
Communication skills and team working

Teaching methods

Due to COVID-19, teaching and assessment activities are being kept under review - see module enrolment pages for information

Delivery typeNumberLength hoursStudent hours
On-line Learning151.0015.00
Class tests, exams and assessment61.001.00
Independent online learning hours50.00
Private study hours150.00
Total Contact hours45.00
Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)245.00

Opportunities for Formative Feedback

Student progress during this module will be monitored through the use of the Cardiology workbook; answers will be discussed at the beginning of the following session. This will allow for self-assessment and allow students to identify a need for support at an early stage.

Methods of assessment

Due to COVID-19, teaching and assessment activities are being kept under review - see module enrolment pages for information

Exam typeExam duration% of formal assessment
Online Time-Limited assessment3 hr 100.00
Total percentage (Assessment Exams)100.00

The examination is in the form of a 3-hour online exam. PSRB approval will be required. Examination pass mark for this level 2 module is 40, if this is not achieved the student will be offered further attempts in line with School policy. Re-sit will be within the August assessment board

Reading list

The reading list is available from the Library website

Last updated: 10/08/2020 08:42:29


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