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2021/22 Taught Postgraduate Module Catalogue

MECH5500M Functional Joint Replacement Technology

15 creditsClass Size: 60

Module manager: Dr Todd Stewart
Email: T.D.Stewart@leeds.ac.uk

Taught: Semester 2 (Jan to Jun) View Timetable

Year running 2021/22

Pre-requisite qualifications

This module is intended for students with a biology/medicine or engineering background and contains material linked to both sciences. Engineers should expect to be required to learn some basic biological principles within the module whereas biologists will be required to learn basic engineering fundamentals. Self-learning will be required by all students. Students are expected to apply fundamental sciences towards the understanding of how our joints in the body function.

This module is not approved as an Elective

Objectives

On completion of this module, students should be able to:
- describe the function, forces and motions imposed on the hip,knee and ankle joint during walking;
- demonstrate an in-depth knowledge of fixation in orthopaedic devices;
- describe the importance of lubrication in the longevity of artificial joint devices;
- describe the effects of material wear on the success of a joint replacement;
- demonstrate an understanding of the engineering technology within joint replacement designs;
- demonstrate an understanding of the clinical aspects of joint replacement prostheses, and the factors influencing their success and failure;
- appreciate the commercial factors involved in manufacturing and selling joint replacements;
- understand the basic biomechanics of the hip, knee and ankle and how functional impairment may influence forces and moments applied to the joints and thus the ability of the patient to complete normal activities.







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Learning outcomes
On completion of this module, students should be able to:
critically review a novel subject area and interpret this with an engineering background.
write a concise report with emphasis on writing the: Abstract, Introduction, Content, Discussion and Conclusion.
describe the function, forces and motions imposed on the Hip, Knee and Ankle joint during walking.
describe the importance of lubrication in the longevity of artificial joint devices.
describe the effects of material wear on the success of a joint replacement.
demonstrate an understanding of the engineering technology within joint replacement designs.
demonstrate an understanding of the clinical aspects of joint replacement prostheses, and the factors influencing their success and failure.
appreciate the commercial factors involved in manufacturing and selling joint replacements.
understand the basic biomechanics of the Hip, Knee and Ankle and how functional impairment may influence forces and moments applied to the joints and thus the ability of the patient to complete normal activities.
Upon successful completion of this module the following UK-SPEC learning outcome descriptors are satisfied:

A comprehensive understanding of the relevant scientific principles of the specialisation (SM1m, SM7M)
Knowledge and understanding of mathematical and statistical methods necessary to underpin education in medical engineering and to enable them to apply a range of mathematical and statistical methods, tools and notations proficiently and critically in the analysis and solution of engineering problems (SM2m)
Ability to apply and integrate knowledge and understanding of other engineering disciplines to support study of study of medical engineering and the ability to evaluate them critically and to apply them effectively (SM3m)
Awareness of developing technologies related to medical engineering (SM4m)
Understanding of concepts relevant to the discipline, some from outside engineering, and the ability to evaluate them critically and to apply them effectively, including in engineering projects (SM6m, SM9M)
Ability to use fundamental knowledge to investigate new and emerging technologies in medical engineering (EA5m)
Ability to extract and evaluate pertinent data and to apply engineering analysis techniques in the solution of unfamiliar problems in medical engineering (EA6m, EA6M)
Understand and evaluate business, customer and user needs, including considerations such as the wider engineering context, public perception and aesthetics (D1)
Knowledge, understanding and skills to work with information that may be incomplete or uncertain, quantify the effect of this on the design and, where appropriate, use theory or experimental research to mitigate deficiencies (D3m, D9M)
Awareness of the need for a high level of professional and ethical conduct in engineering (EL1m, EL8M)
Awareness that engineers need to take account of the commercial and social contexts in which they operate (EL2, EL9M)
Advanced level knowledge and understanding of a wide range of engineering materials and components (P2m, P12M)
Understanding of appropriate codes of practice and industry standards (P6)
Awareness of quality issues and their application to continuous improvement (P7)
Ability to work with technical uncertainty (P8)
A thorough understanding of current practice in medical engineering and its limitations, and some appreciation of likely new developments (P9m)
Apply their skills in problem solving, communication, information retrieval, working with others, and the effective use of general IT facilities (G1)


Syllabus

The course applies the standard engineering principles of mechanics, tribology and biomaterials to the understanding of the technology used in the development of total joint replacements.


Topics include:

- Introduction to Joint Replacement Design and Technology
- Biomechanics of the Hip,Knee and Ankle
- Hip Prostheses Design
- Knee Prostheses Design
- Ankle Prostheses Design
- Mechanics and Tribology of Hip, Knee and Ankle Prostheses
- Wear of Hip, Knee and Ankle Prostheses
- Other Prostheses: May include: Shoulder, Elbow,Wrist, Finger, Ankle, Toe
- Cemented and Uncemented Fixation and Failure of Joint Replacements
- Commercial aspects of the design processes
- Aspects of Hip, Knee and Ankle prostheses design and surgery that affect patient function

Teaching methods

Due to COVID-19, teaching and assessment activities are being kept under review - see module enrolment pages for information

Delivery typeNumberLength hoursStudent hours
On-line Learning31.003.00
Lecture102.0020.00
Seminar18.008.00
Independent online learning hours3.00
Private study hours116.00
Total Contact hours31.00
Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)150.00

Private study

- 48 hours: 2 hours reading per lecture
- 16 hours: preparation for seminar
- 52 hours: project related time for literature review and dissertation.

Opportunities for Formative Feedback

- One individual presentation
- 1 x 2,000 word dissertation and 1 x 3,000 word dissertation involving literature review and discussion related to the taught course material.

Methods of assessment

Due to COVID-19, teaching and assessment activities are being kept under review - see module enrolment pages for information


Coursework
Assessment typeNotes% of formal assessment
Report2,000 word individual report35.00
Report3,000 word report50.00
PresentationIndividual presentation15.00
Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)100.00

This module is assessed by written coursework entirely

Reading list

The reading list is available from the Library website

Last updated: 30/06/2021 16:23:30

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