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2022/23 Undergraduate Module Catalogue

CIVE3165 Structural Design 2

20 creditsClass Size: 170

Module manager: Dr Vasilis Sarhosis

Taught: Semesters 1 & 2 (Sep to Jun) View Timetable

Year running 2022/23

Module replaces

CIVE3139 - Steel and Concrete Engineering

This module is not approved as a discovery module

Module summary

The recommended reading materials to support this module include: Gilbert & Mickleborough (1990), “Design of prestressed concrete”Hendy & Smith (2007), “Designers' guide to EN 1992-2 : Eurocode 2, design of concrete structures. Part 2, Concrete bridges”Hewson (2003), “Prestressed Concrete Bridges: Design and Construction”Hurst (1998), “Prestressed Concrete Design ”Naaman (1982), “Prestressed concrete analysis and design : fundamentals” Nawy (2003), “Prestressed Concrete: a Fundamental Approach”Porteus & Kermani (2013), "Structural timber design to Eurocode 5" McKenzie and Zhang (2007), "Design of structural timber to Eurocode 5", 2nd ed, Palgrave McMillan.Lebet & Hirst (2013), "Steel bridges: conceptual and structural design of steel and steel-concrete composite bridges “ Beall (1997), "Masonry design and detailing " Morton (2011), "Designers' Guide to Eurocode 6: Design of Masonry Structures : EN 1996-1-1: General Rules for Reinforced and Unreinforced Masonry", Thomas Telford Ltd.McKenzie (2013), "Design of structural elements”Arya (2009), "Design of Structural Elements : Concrete, Steelwork, Masonry and Timber to British Standards and Eurocodes", 3rd ed.


- To move from the elementary design of structural steel members to the concept of steel design of structures and buildings and study their failure modes due to lateral loads and vertical progressive collapse;
- To provide technical knowledge relevant to the design of details in steel structures, such as moment connections and base-plates;
- To introduce the different types of prestressed concrete elements and the main technological aspects relevant to their production and design;
- To provide the technical knowledge required to design beams and other structural elements with prestressed concrete using EC2;
- To introduce structural forms of masonry (walls and columns) and to provide technical knowledge on masonry design construction and details;
- To introduce timber as a structural material and provide technical knowledge on timber design as well as its applications in structural engineering including connections;
- To provide more complete means for the design and analysis of steel, concrete, masonry and timber structures and to familiarise students with a range of typical processing techniques;
- To provide practical guidance on the use of relevant standards, namely EC2 (concrete), EC3 (steel), EC5 (timber), and EC6 (masonry).

Learning outcomes
On completion of the module students will:

1. be able to apply their prior knowledge and understanding of the scientific and mathematical principles of engineering to design steel, concrete, masonry and timber structures;
2. have an appreciation of the fundamental design philosophies adopted in the area of design of structures and buildings;
3. be able to apply mathematical and computer-based models for solving problems in engineering and be able to assess the limitations of each particular case;
4. be aware of the latest research and developing technologies related to the design of steel, concrete, masonry and timber structures.

Students completing this module will have gained the knowledge, understanding, skills or abilities that contribute to achieving the following ARB General Criteria for Part 1:
• understand the constructional and structural systems, the environmental strategies and the regulatory requirements that apply to the design and construction of a comprehensive design project; GC1.2
• develop a conceptual and critical approach to architectural design that integrates and satisfies the aesthetic aspects of a building and the technical requirements of its construction and the needs of the user; GC1.3
• the investigation, critical appraisal and selection of alternative structural, constructional and material systems relevant to architectural design; GC8.1
• strategies for building construction, and ability to integrate knowledge of structural principles and construction techniques;GC8.2
• the physical properties and characteristics of building materials, components and systems, and the environmental impact of specification choices; GC8.3


In this module students gain an understanding of the more advanced aspects of structural steel building frame behaviour such as progressive collapse (and avoiding disproportionate collapse); the sway stability of braced and unbraced multi-storey building frames; the design of multi-storey frames with rigid connections and the consideration of fabrication details, connections and health and safety risk management during construction as an integral part of the building design process. This builds on previous steel design teaching and provides the students with the underpinning knowledge required to inform the design of multi-storey buildings.

The students are also given an introduction to the different forms of prestressed concrete (pre- and post-tensioned); partially prestressed concrete and the use of bonded or un-bonded tendons in construction. This provides the students with the knowledge needed to specify and evaluate different types of floor construction (and also the use of long span concrete construction in buildings with column/wall free zones).

Students also gain an understanding of masonry and timber construction including the specification of alternative forms of masonry and different species of timber and forms of timber construction (including glulam construction and the use of cross laminated timber). Masonry detailing (movement joints and the strapping and tying of roofs and floors) and the connections to create stabilising diaphragm floor action in timber buildings (including timber framed buildings) are also covered in the teaching.

Topics covered include:

Introduction/revision Eurocodes, Multi-storey Buildings;
Progressive Collapse and Avoiding Disproportionate Collapse;
Sway Stability (Braced and Unbraced Multi-storey Frames Design);
Design of Multi-storey Rigid Frames (Rigid Column Base Connections);
Design of Multi-storey Rigid Frames (Moment Connections);
Construction issues, Fabrication, Steel Details, H&S, CDM.

Principles and development of pre-stressing;
Pre- and post-tensioning;
Partial and full pre-stressing;
Bonded and un-bonded post-tensioned construction;
Changes in pre-stressing force and prestress losses;
Design to satisfy stress limitations and ductility requirements;
Design of prestressed concrete elements in flexure using a Magnel diagram;
Tendon profiles;
Hyperstatic reactions and concordant tendon profiles;
Ultimate moment capacity of prestressed sections.

Choice of structural form;
Choice of materials;
Principles of limit-state design for masonry walls and columns;
Walls and piers subject to vertical load;
Walls subject to lateral loading;
Masonry details and construction.

Timber as a structural material;
Members subject to flexure;
Members subjected to axial or combined axial and flexural actions;
Glued laminated members;
Stability bracing, floor and wall diaphragms;
Timber connections.

Teaching methods

Delivery typeNumberLength hoursStudent hours
Private study hours134.00
Total Contact hours66.00
Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)200.00

Private study

120 hours - private study/working on examples, tutorials and summative coursework (3 hours per lecture)
32 hours - revision for examination

Opportunities for Formative Feedback

- Tutorial sheets (2 for Steel, 2 for Concrete, 1 for Masonry, 1 for Timber);
- Suggested complementary design exercises;
- Two pieces of summative coursework.

Methods of assessment

Assessment typeNotes% of formal assessment
ReportSummative Coursework30.00
Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)30.00

Re-sit - online time-limited assessment 100%

Exam typeExam duration% of formal assessment
Online Time-Limited assessment5 hr 00 mins70.00
Total percentage (Assessment Exams)70.00

Re-sit - 100% online time-limited assessment

Reading list

The reading list is available from the Library website

Last updated: 12/10/2022 14:44:31


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