2022/23 Undergraduate Module Catalogue
FOBS1135 The Basis of Life
20 creditsClass Size: 393
Module manager: Dr Glyn Hemsworth
Taught: Semester 1 (Sep to Jan) View Timetable
Year running 2022/23
This module is mutually exclusive with
|BIOL1112||The Molecules of Life|
|BLGY1115||Introduction to Cell Biology: from Molecules to Cells and Ti|
This module is not approved as a discovery module
Module summaryLife on Earth comprises many different organisms of hugely different shapes and sizes, living in a wide range of habitats, so it is amazing to realise that every one of these, from bacteria to insects, trees to whales – and of course, humans - relies on similar structures and chemical reactions to maintain life. Understanding these molecular processes and cell structures gives us an insight into how organisms succeed, and why they sometimes fail to thrive. Recognising the sometimes subtle differences between organisms helps to design beneficial interventions, such as drugs to treat cancer, and weed killers that do not harm food crops.In The Basis of Life we will reveal the fundamental processes of life, identifying the key concepts that underpin the biological processes in all living organisms, from bacteria to elephants. Living cells are able to perform a huge variety of different and complex functions, yet 99% of their mass is made up of just 6 common elements. These simple organic elements are organised into the large macromolecular structures and polymers (nucleic acids, proteins, polysaccharides and lipids) that are crucial for life. Chemical structure determines biological roles, illustrated by the properties of enzymes, the biological catalysts that control metabolic processes. We will explore the structure and function of cells, and cover aspects ranging from basic energy metabolism in micro-organisms to higher order structures including the complexity and purpose of cell compartmentalisation in higher life-forms. The way in which cells containing identical genetic information develop into specialised cell types to form tissues with different functions will be introduced through the concept of cell polarity and cell adhesion. The scope of the course will include microbial, plant and animal examples. The course also aims to illustrate how multidisciplinary approaches will be crucial for the new post genomic research era we are starting to explore, depending not only on classic biology and biochemistry, but also involving mathematics and physics.
ObjectivesOn completion of the module, students will have a comprehensive grounding in the molecular basis of life from the atomic scale up to cells. This will be organised in three interrelated themes
i) Molecules of Life: outlines the essential biochemical concepts that underpin living processes;
ii) Energy & Metabolism: this covers how energy captured from sunlight drives metabolic processes and the main biosynthetic pathways;
iii) The Living Cell: outlines cellular organisation and function.
On completion of this module, students should be able to demonstrate a good understanding of:
- the diversity of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells;
- the basic concepts of chemistry and how this helps us understand the structures and functions of the principal macromolecules of cells including proteins and an introduction to enzymes;
- DNA replication and cell division;
- the structures of DNA and RNA, and the enzymology of aspects of their replication, transcription and translation;
- energy metabolism in micro-organisms, plants and animals;
- carbohydrates: structures and roles;
- lipids and cell membranes, including transporters, channels and cell signalling;
- intracellular structures, including organelles, cytoskeleton and molecular motors;
- how to appreciate genetic and biochemical approaches involved in exploring cell biology.
This course will provide the core concepts central to biochemistry and cell biology, covered by three central themes:
1. Molecules of Life
2. Energy & Metabolism
3. The Living Cell
Molecules of Life
- Cell chemistry. functional groups, bonding and macromolecules;
- Lipids and membranes;
- Sugars and polysaccharides;
- Amino acids and proteins, protein structure and function, protein folding and disease;
- Enzymes, introduction to basic thermodynamics, substrate binding and catalysis, enzyme kinetics and measuring reaction rates;
- Nucleic acids and the central dogma;
- DNA Replication, genome organization and DNA repair;
- RNA, transcription and non-coding RNA, differences between prokaryote/eukaryote translation, introduces post-translational modification.
Energy & Metabolism
- Microbial bioenergetics:
- Introduction to metabolism and fatty acids;
- Glycolysis and the TCA cycle;
- Oxidative phosphorylation;
- Nitrogen metabolism and amino acid synthesis;
The Living Cell
- The cell cycle and cancer;
- Genes and chromatin, genome structure;
- Control of gene expression;
- Protein targeting to the ER, membrane protein synthesis, sorting and secretion;
- The cytoskeleton;
- Cell adhesion and signalling;
- Tools for biological research;
- Cell polarity and differentiation.
|Delivery type||Number||Length hours||Student hours|
|Independent online learning hours||60.00|
|Private study hours||105.00|
|Total Contact hours||35.00|
|Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)||200.00|
Private study60 hours: Several text book chapters will be recommended and a portfolio of online resources and MCQs will be provided to guide students during term-time with respect to revision. A range of blended learning activities will run in parallel with the module to provide opportunities for self-guided learning and formative assessment.
- Preparation for coursework MCQs: 30 hours
- Using online materials provided for each topic: 30 hours
105 hours: Reading, revision, private study, preparation for examinations.
Opportunities for Formative FeedbackSynchronous online delivery of lectures via MS Teams. Student engagement will be monitored in line with standard faculty practice.
- Completion of coursework - MCQs on-line.
- Engagement with VLE resources.
- voluntary drop-in sessions.
Methods of assessment
|Assessment type||Notes||% of formal assessment|
|In-course MCQ||1 x MRQ test (on-line) - to be completed within 24 hours in a single attempt.||50.00|
|In-course MCQ||1 x MRQ test (on-line) - to be completed within 24 hours, in a single attempt||50.00|
|Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)||100.00|
MRQ test to be completed in a single attempt within a 24 hour time-frame, restricted to a defined duration once the test starts.
Reading listThere is no reading list for this module
Last updated: 29/04/2022 15:27:10
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