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2022/23 Undergraduate Module Catalogue

LAW3371 Commercial Law: Commercial and Consumer Sales

20 creditsClass Size: 160

Module manager: Leopoldo Parada

Taught: Semester 1 (Sep to Jan) View Timetable

Year running 2022/23

Pre-requisite qualifications

- LAW1030 Contract
- LAW1076 An Introduction to Law: What is Law?
- LUBS2810 Business and the Legal Environment

Module replaces

LAW3365 Business Law

This module is not approved as a discovery module

Module summary

This module covers the sale of goods in relation to business to business transactions. The broader emphasis is on domestic transactions, providing knowledge regarding domestic commercial contracts, including, among other relevant matters, the classification of goods, issues of passing property, risk, the use of retention of titles clauses, exclusion and limitation clauses, contractual terms, and remedies available for breach of commercial contracts. The module will also examine some basic aspects of international commercial sales under English law, namely standard trade terms such as Cif and Fob, the role of the bill of lading, and payments methods in international transactions such as the letter of credit.


Learning outcomes
On completion of this module, students should be able to:
- demonstrate a critical knowledge of the legal context of the commercial sale of goods;
- demonstrate knowledge, and ability to assess, identify potential liabilities that may arise as a result of a sales transaction;
- identify and evaluate the rules that govern the payments methods in relation to commercial sales transactions;
- analyse and apply relevant law to a range of practical problems.


The course is divided in four main parts, which includes the following:

Unit 1: Domestic Commercial Sales: Mechanics of ownership

- Introduction to contracts of sale of goods
- Transfer of Property
- Transfer of Risks
- Retention of title clauses (ROTs)
- Exclusion and Limitation clauses
- Non-existing and perishing goods
- Exemptions to nemo dat rule

Unit 2: Domestic Commercial Sales: Contract terms and breaches

- Delivery, acceptance, and payment
- Statutory implied terms
- Seller’s duties
- Buyer’s duties

Unit 3: Domestic Commercial Sales: Remedies

- Remedies in general: real versus personal remedies
- Seller’s statutory remedies
- Buyer’s statutory remedies

Unit 4: International Commercial Sales

- Introduction to international commercial sales
- Shipping documents: Bill of Lading
- Payment methods: Letter of Credit
- Trade Terms: Fob and Cif contracts under English law

Teaching methods

Delivery typeNumberLength hoursStudent hours
On-line Learning51.005.00
Private study hours176.50
Total Contact hours23.50
Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)200.00

Private study

The online learning element is broken down into 15 minute tasks, there will be 20 x 15 minute tasks overall.

Opportunities for Formative Feedback

- One piece of formative assessment
- Informal monitoring of student progress in seminars.

Methods of assessment

Assessment typeNotes% of formal assessment
Assignment3000 words (including issues of domestic and international commercial sales)100.00
Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)100.00

Normally resits will be assessed by the same methodology as the first attempt, unless otherwise stated

Reading list

The reading list is available from the Library website

Last updated: 11/10/2022


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