2022/23 Undergraduate Module Catalogue
MATH2640 Introduction to Optimisation
10 creditsClass Size: 265
Module manager: Professor Onno Bokhove
Taught: Semester 1 (Sep to Jan) View Timetable
Year running 2022/23
Pre-requisite qualificationsMATH1005 or MATH1010 or (MATH1050 and MATH1060) or (MATH1050 and MATH1331), or equivalent.
This module is approved as a discovery module
Module summaryOptimisation ''the quest for the best'' plays a major role in financial and economic theory, eg in maximising a company's profits or minimising its production costs.How to achieve such optimality is the concern of this course, which develops the theory and practice of maximising or minimising a function of many variables, either with or without constraints.This course lays a solid foundation for progression onto more advanced topics, such as dynamic optimisation, which are central to the understanding of realistic economic and financial scenarios.
ObjectivesTo provide a collection of theoretical and algorithmic techniques for determining optimal extrema of arbitrary functions of several variables, either with or without constraints.
On completion of this module, students should be to:
(a) determine the definiteness of quadratic forms;
(b) determine exactly extrema of functions of several variables, with or without constraints, using Lagrange multipliers;
(c) determine extrema of functions of several variables subject to inequality constraints, using both classical and Kuhn-Tucker approaches;
(d) apply the theory to a range of problems arising in Mathematical Economics.
Several-variable calculus, (6 lectures):
- Representing and visualising functions of 2 variables
- Partial derivatives, total derivatives and chain rule
- Gradient vectors and directional derivatives
- Implicit differentiation, change of variables, Jacobian
- Several-variable Taylor series
- Hessian matrix, stationary points.
Unconstrained optimisation (4 lectures):
- Quadratic forms and eigenvalues
- Definiteness using principal minor tests
- Stationary points, local extrema, unconstrained optimisation, applications in economics
- Cobb-Douglas production functions.
Constrained optimisation (10 lectures):
- Constrained maximisation with equality constraints
- Jacobian derivative
- first-order conditions
- constraint qualifications
- Lagrange multipliers
- constrained quadratic forms
- bordered Hessian
- constrained maximisation with inequality constraints and mixed constraints
- constrained minimisation
- Kuhn-Tucker theory
- Application to mean-variance portfolio theory and the Markowitz model
|Delivery type||Number||Length hours||Student hours|
|Private study hours||79.00|
|Total Contact hours||21.00|
|Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)||100.00|
Private studyStudying and revising of course material.
Completing of assignments and assessments.
Opportunities for Formative FeedbackRegular problem solving assignments
Methods of assessment
|Assessment type||Notes||% of formal assessment|
|In-course Assessment||four assessed example sheets||15.00|
|Total percentage (Assessment Coursework)||15.00|
There is no resit available for the coursework component of this module. If the module is failed, the coursework mark will be carried forward and added to the resit exam mark with the same weighting as listed above.
|Exam type||Exam duration||% of formal assessment|
|Standard exam (closed essays, MCQs etc)||2 hr||85.00|
|Total percentage (Assessment Exams)||85.00|
Normally resits will be assessed by the same methodology as the first attempt, unless otherwise stated
Reading listThe reading list is available from the Library website
Last updated: 09/05/2022 09:13:03
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