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2014/15 Taught Postgraduate Module Catalogue
MATH5452M Advanced Polymeric Fluids
20 creditsClass Size: 30
Module manager: Dr M Evans
Taught: Semester 2 (Jan to Jun) View Timetable
Year running 2014/15
Pre-requisite qualificationsMATH2365 and MATH2375 and (MATH2620 or MATH3501), or (MATH2420 and MATH2431 and MATH3501), or equivalent.
This module is mutually exclusive with
|MATH3451||Introduction to Polymeric Fluids|
This module is approved as an Elective
Module summaryMany of the fluids we come across every day differ markedly in their properties from the 'classical' Newtonian fluid dealt with in most introductory courses. For example, consider the 'stringiness' of the cheese on a pizza, or the 'elasticity' of bread dough - both are materials that flow, but are certainly not Newtonian! This course gives an introduction to the rapidly growing subject area of 'non-Newtonian' fluids. Its approach is two-fold. Firstly it gives an introduction to the 'phenomenology' of the subject - what kind of things do these fluids do when they flow? Then, the course focuses on a particular class of fluids, those containing polymer molecules. It shows how a microscopic description of the motion of the molecules can give an understanding of why these fluids flow like they do, and leads to equations that predict much of the flow behaviour. In order to get to this level of description, we have to examine the mathematics of polymer molecules and how they move.
ObjectivesOn completion of this module, students should be able to:
a) identify and categorise characteristic phenomena of Non-Newtonian Fluids;
b) calculate unidirectional flows using simple Non-Newtonian fluid models;
c) apply mathematical descriptions of diffusion;
d) explain the molecular origins of stress and relaxation in polymeric fluids.
(1) What is a polymer, and what sort of fluids contain them?
(2) Introduction to flow phenomena for non-Newtonian fluids in simple flows: (i) definition of stress and strain rate; (ii) steady state shear, shear thickening and thinning, 'power-law' fluids, pipe flow; (iii) shear flow and normal stresses, the 'rod climbing' experiment; (iv) steady state extensional flow, extension hardening and apparent viscosity, the tubeless siphon; (v) 'memory' effects and linear viscoelasticity, time-dependent modulus, storage and loss modulus, recoil after steady shear, Deborah and Weissenberg numbers.
(3) What is a constitutive equation, and where do they come from?
(4) The origin of stress in polymers - rubber elasticity; statistical description of polymers - random walks; force due to thermal motion; derivation of stress; elastic constitutive equation for rubber.
(5) Mathematical description of diffusion and Brownian motion (i) analogy with random walks; (ii) the diffusion equation; (iii) Wiener processes and stochastic calculus; (iv) the Langevin equation; (v) diffusion in an external potential.
(6) Microscopic derivation and properties of constitutive equations for flow of polymeric fluids (i) 'Oldroyd B' dumbbell model for dilute solutions, behaviour in extension and shear; (ii) the Rouse model.
|Delivery type||Number||Length hours||Student hours|
|Private study hours||156.00|
|Total Contact hours||44.00|
|Total hours (100hr per 10 credits)||200.00|
Private studyStudying and revising of course material.
Completing of assignments and assessments.
Opportunities for Formative FeedbackProblem sheets throughout the semester.
Methods of assessment
|Exam type||Exam duration||% of formal assessment|
|Standard exam (closed essays, MCQs etc)||3 hr 00 mins||100.00|
|Total percentage (Assessment Exams)||100.00|
Normally resits will be assessed by the same methodology as the first attempt, unless otherwise stated
Reading listThe reading list is available from the Library website
Last updated: 05/02/2015
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